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Online Platforms’ Moderation of Illegal Content Online

15-10-2020

The original full study reviews and assesses the EU regulatory framework on content moderation and current practices by key online platforms. It assesses the regulation in six countries/regions and makes recommendations to improve the EU legal framework on content moderation in the context of the forthcoming Digital Services Act.

The original full study reviews and assesses the EU regulatory framework on content moderation and current practices by key online platforms. It assesses the regulation in six countries/regions and makes recommendations to improve the EU legal framework on content moderation in the context of the forthcoming Digital Services Act.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Alexandre DE STREEL et al.

Ramy UE dotyczące sztucznej inteligencji

14-10-2020

Prawodawcy Unii Europejskiej (UE) zastanawiają się nad najlepszymi sposobami stanowienia prawa w zakresie stosowania technologii sztucznej inteligencji (AI), dążąc do maksymalizacji możliwości korzystania z tej technologii przez obywateli UE, a zarazem ustanawiając przepisy chroniące ich przed związanymi z nią zagrożeniami. Na drugiej sesji plenarnej w październiku Parlament ma głosować nad trzema sprawozdaniami z własnej inicjatywy Komisji Prawnej (JURI) dotyczącymi etyki, odpowiedzialności cywilnej ...

Prawodawcy Unii Europejskiej (UE) zastanawiają się nad najlepszymi sposobami stanowienia prawa w zakresie stosowania technologii sztucznej inteligencji (AI), dążąc do maksymalizacji możliwości korzystania z tej technologii przez obywateli UE, a zarazem ustanawiając przepisy chroniące ich przed związanymi z nią zagrożeniami. Na drugiej sesji plenarnej w październiku Parlament ma głosować nad trzema sprawozdaniami z własnej inicjatywy Komisji Prawnej (JURI) dotyczącymi etyki, odpowiedzialności cywilnej i własności intelektualnej.

Akt prawny o usługach cyfrowych

14-10-2020

Podczas drugiej październikowej sesji plenarnej Parlament ma głosować nad trzema sprawozdaniami Komisji Rynku Wewnętrznego i Ochrony Konsumentów, Komisji Prawnej oraz Komisji Wolności Obywatelskich, Sprawiedliwości i Spraw Wewnętrznych, w których przedstawiono wstępne stanowisko Parlamentu w sprawie przeglądu unijnych ram prawnych dotyczących usług online przed spodziewanym wnioskiem Komisji w sprawie pakietu dotyczącego aktu prawnego o usługach cyfrowych.

Podczas drugiej październikowej sesji plenarnej Parlament ma głosować nad trzema sprawozdaniami Komisji Rynku Wewnętrznego i Ochrony Konsumentów, Komisji Prawnej oraz Komisji Wolności Obywatelskich, Sprawiedliwości i Spraw Wewnętrznych, w których przedstawiono wstępne stanowisko Parlamentu w sprawie przeglądu unijnych ram prawnych dotyczących usług online przed spodziewanym wnioskiem Komisji w sprawie pakietu dotyczącego aktu prawnego o usługach cyfrowych.

Digital Services Act

01-10-2020

E-commerce is an essential part of the economy and of consumers shopping habits. It can support EU citizens in accessing services more easily and businesses reaching customers more targeted. The E-commerce Directive has been an important column of digital services. Still, there is need for amending the current regulation. This EAVA accompanies two European Parliament's own-initiative legislative reports by JURI and IMCO asking the Commission for legislative actions to implement a digital services ...

E-commerce is an essential part of the economy and of consumers shopping habits. It can support EU citizens in accessing services more easily and businesses reaching customers more targeted. The E-commerce Directive has been an important column of digital services. Still, there is need for amending the current regulation. This EAVA accompanies two European Parliament's own-initiative legislative reports by JURI and IMCO asking the Commission for legislative actions to implement a digital services act. The analysis identifies 22 main gaps and risks, which we clustered into four policy packages on consumer protection, content management and curation, facilitation of competition in online platforms ecosystems, and enhancement of enforcement and legal coherence. The analysis suggests that EU common action on consumer protection and e-commerce rules, as well as on a framework for content management and curation could add up €76 billion to the EU GDP between 2020-2030.

The impact of algorithms for online content filtering or moderation - Upload filters

15-09-2020

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, addresses automated filtering of online content. The report introduces automated filtering as an aspect of moderation of user-generated materials. It presents the filtering technologies that are currently deployed to address different kinds of media, such as text, images, or videos. It discusses the main critical issues under the present legal ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, addresses automated filtering of online content. The report introduces automated filtering as an aspect of moderation of user-generated materials. It presents the filtering technologies that are currently deployed to address different kinds of media, such as text, images, or videos. It discusses the main critical issues under the present legal framework and makes proposals for regulation in the context of a future EU Digital Services Act.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Prof. Giovanni Sartor and Dr. Andrea Loreggia

The platform economy and precarious work

11-09-2020

Platform work has rapidly developed since it first emerged in the EU, though concerns have been raised about the employment and working conditions of platform work and the risk of precariousness it entails. Platform work has, therefore, been identified as a policy priority by European policy-makers. This study presents an analytical literature review that focuses on the challenges and risks of precariousness of platform work and explores possible pathways for EU action. It covers aspects of the ...

Platform work has rapidly developed since it first emerged in the EU, though concerns have been raised about the employment and working conditions of platform work and the risk of precariousness it entails. Platform work has, therefore, been identified as a policy priority by European policy-makers. This study presents an analytical literature review that focuses on the challenges and risks of precariousness of platform work and explores possible pathways for EU action. It covers aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic. The analysis was prepared at the request of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs of the European Parliament.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Harald Hauben (ed.), Karolien Lenaerts,Willem Waeyaert

What if fashion were good for the planet?

10-09-2020

Fashion is the second most polluting industry in the world, coming just after oil. Clothing manufacture and consumption have a huge negative impact on both the environment and people. Sustainability is not only about the environment, but is also an economic and social indicator, and the clothing industry is a good example illustrating their interconnections. Are technological innovations alone enough to 'tailor' a green and fair future for fashion?

Fashion is the second most polluting industry in the world, coming just after oil. Clothing manufacture and consumption have a huge negative impact on both the environment and people. Sustainability is not only about the environment, but is also an economic and social indicator, and the clothing industry is a good example illustrating their interconnections. Are technological innovations alone enough to 'tailor' a green and fair future for fashion?

Loot boxes in online games and their effect on consumers, in particular young consumers

17-08-2020

This paper defines loot boxes and describes their behavioural effects, including problematic behaviour. It examines the regulatory framework at EU and national level within which loot boxes operate, provides an overview of public and industry practices, and derives recommendations. Framing the debate around loot boxes, away from gambling and towards consumer protection, would provide the EU with an array of tools to address problematic practices and minimise potential harm, especially for minors. ...

This paper defines loot boxes and describes their behavioural effects, including problematic behaviour. It examines the regulatory framework at EU and national level within which loot boxes operate, provides an overview of public and industry practices, and derives recommendations. Framing the debate around loot boxes, away from gambling and towards consumer protection, would provide the EU with an array of tools to address problematic practices and minimise potential harm, especially for minors.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Annette CERULLI-HARMS et al.

Enforcement and cooperation between Member States

14-08-2020

The original full study presents an overview of possible options for an effective model of enforcement for a future Digital Services Act (DSA). Four key areas of regulatory design are emphasised: the failure of self-regulation in relation to platforms; the importance of correct regulatory framing; the necessity of focusing on the internal operations of platforms; and that the scope of a DSA should be limited but include robust transparency and enforcement measures. A range of enforcement strategies ...

The original full study presents an overview of possible options for an effective model of enforcement for a future Digital Services Act (DSA). Four key areas of regulatory design are emphasised: the failure of self-regulation in relation to platforms; the importance of correct regulatory framing; the necessity of focusing on the internal operations of platforms; and that the scope of a DSA should be limited but include robust transparency and enforcement measures. A range of enforcement strategies are then evaluated across a suite of Digital Single Market (DSM) legislation, alongside barriers to Member States cooperation and effective enforcement.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Melanie SMITH

Representative actions to protect the collective interests of consumers: A new deal for consumers

20-07-2020

On 11 April 2018, the European Commission published a proposal for a new directive on representative actions for the protection of the collective interests of consumers. Currently, consumer organisations or independent public bodies can bring actions in the name of consumers in courts or before administrative authorities to stop infringements of consumer legislation. According to the proposal, they would be able to demand compensation for consumers as well. The co-legislators reached a provisional ...

On 11 April 2018, the European Commission published a proposal for a new directive on representative actions for the protection of the collective interests of consumers. Currently, consumer organisations or independent public bodies can bring actions in the name of consumers in courts or before administrative authorities to stop infringements of consumer legislation. According to the proposal, they would be able to demand compensation for consumers as well. The co-legislators reached a provisional agreement on the proposal on 22 June 2020, which now needs to be confirmed by both institutions. According to the agreement, Member States would decide themselves the criteria for the designation of qualified entities for domestic actions, while the criteria for cross-border actions would be common across the whole of the EU. A loser-pays principle would be introduced, requiring the defeated party to pay the costs of the proceedings for the successful party. The Commission would be required to evaluate, within five years, whether a European ombudsman for collective redress for consumers is necessary. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Planowane wydarzenia

26-10-2020
European Gender Equality Week - October 26-29, 2020
Inne wydarzenie -
FEMM
27-10-2020
EPRS online Book Talk | Beyond Christendom - The politics of religion in Europe today
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EPRS
27-10-2020
JURI: ICM Meeting on "Better Law Making from a digital perspective"
Inne wydarzenie -
JURI

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